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Adult English Lessons / Standard Classes

Example Lesson Plan for Standard English Class

Do you have trouble thinking up lesson plans for your classes? Are your textbooks full of useless fluff? Use our sample lesson plan as a template to get you started making better lessons.

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In this article you will find a sample lesson plan for conversational English classes. You’re more than welcome to use this lesson in your classes but the main goal is to provide an example and a template so that you can create your own lesson plans in the future. It’s important to remember that all classes and students are different. Something that works in one class might not work in another.  Don’t be afraid to change up your lesson plans as you see fit.

 

Type of class

Standard Class (Conversational English class)

 

English level

Beginner/Upper Beginner

 

Class time

60 minutes

 

Teaching key points

Superlatives

 

Lesson plan

Greeting/Mini Free Talk

Introduction to lesson point-Superlatives

Example sentences

Sample Conversation

Conversation Related Questions

Personalized Questions

In Depth Explanation with Examples

Simple Practice

Game/Activity #1

Game/Activity #2

Homework Explanation

 

Step by step

Greeting/Mini Free Talk

The first step is to greet the class and if possible have a very short conversation with them. Ideally you should try to bring up subjects or questions that the students have learned in a previous lesson. That being said, it’s okay to talk about the weather, to ask a student what they are going to do on the weekend, if they have seen any new movies recently. We just need a short warm-up using easy and simple questions to get the students ready for the class.

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Introduction to lesson point-Superlatives

Now we are going to tell the students what they’re going to learn in today’s class. For this example lesson we have chosen to teach the students superlatives. I will write 3 to 4 sentences on the board. All of the sentences are using superlatives and are generally simple sentences that the students can understand.

Russia is the largest country in the world.

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

I think George Clooney is the most handsome man in America.

George is the tallest student in this class.

Here we’re not going to go into depth explaining the individual points or even the individual example sentences. We just want to give the students a general idea what they’re going to learn. The in-depth explanation will come later after we read the sample conversation.

 

Sample Conversation

Next were going to move on to the sample conversation. Sample conversations allows us to show how the students can use the English that they are about to learn, we can also use it to introduce new vocabulary words to the students and it gives us a good starting point for our lesson. Let’s take a look at the sample conversation we will use:

Mike: I’m the best football player in Britain. I always score the most goals on my team. My jerseys are always sold out.

Kim: Are you rich?

Mike: Yes. I’m the richest athlete in Britain.

AJ: Are you married?

Mike: Yes. My wife is the most beautiful woman in the world.

Kim: Well…. You are a very lucky man.

Mike: It was not luck. I’m the hardest working man in Britain.

AJ: You’re probably the most arrogant man in Britain too.

Mike: I have many houses around the world. I have a house in Paris, Tokyo, Shanghai, Dubai and New York.

Kim: Which city do you like the best?

Mike: Tokyo is my favorite. Tokyo is the most exciting city in the world.

AJ: I went to Tokyo once. I thought it was too crowded and loud. I think Paris is the best city in the world.

First, I’m going to read the conversation with two students in front of the class. I will read the role of Mike and the other two students will read the roles of Kim and AJ. The role of Mike is of a braggart or a very arrogant man so when I read the role I’m going to say everything in an arrogant way. This is just to bring a little fun to the class. Once I have read through the conversation with the other two students I will separate the class into groups of three. Then I will tell each group to read through the conversation three times. Each time they read the conversation they should change roles. While the students are doing this I walk around the class giving hints and suggestions to the various groups.

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Conversation Related Questions

Next were going to ask the students some questions related to the conversation to test their comprehension. Usually it’s a good idea to start with a student that is a little more advanced than the others or a little more confident than the others. Here are some of the questions I will ask:

What does Mike do?

Is he any good?

Is Mike poor?

Who is the most beautiful woman in Britain?

What does AJ think of Mike?

Which city does Mike think is the best?

 

Personalized Questions

Now we are going to take some of the questions that we just asked the students and change them a little bit to try and get some personalize replies from the students. So I will ask one student:

Who is the most beautiful woman in (student’s country)?

Here we want the students to reply in a full sentence. If the student replies with only a name then we will help them use that name in a sentence. For example:

Student- Yamada Yu

Teacher-Yamada Yu is the most beautiful woman in Japan.

Student-Yamada Yu is the most beautiful woman in Japan.

It’s also a good idea to write the sentence on the board.

Then I’ll move on to another student and ask them:

“Who is the best football/soccer player in the world?”

Again I will try to have them answer using full sentence. Here are some other questions you can use:

“Who is the tallest student in the class?”

“Who is the smartest student in the class?”

 

In Depth Explanation with Examples

Next we are going to explain the grammar and how to create sentences and questions using superlatives. I will go to the board and write 2 sentences.

“Russia is the big country in the world”

“Russia is the biggest country in the world.”

Then next to the example sentence I will write the following three words “big-bigger-biggest”. I will point to the first example sentence and tell them that this sentence is wrong because the adjective “big” needs to be changed. Then I will point to the second example sentences say that this is correct. Then I will tell the students that for most “short” adjectives they can follow these rules, and then I will point to the three words “big-bigger-biggest”. So they should add “EST” to the end of the adjective. Then I will write some more examples on the board.

small-smallest

tall-tallest

short-shortest

Next I will write another example sentence.

“Randy is the funniest person in the class.”

And next to this I will write the following three words

“funny-funnier-funniest”

Then in the same way I will tell them that they have to change the adjective funny. For any adjectives ending with the letter “Y” they have to add “IEST” to the end of the adjective. Then I will write some more examples on the board again.

silly-silliest

happy-happiest

I will write one more example sentence.

“Michelle is the most beautiful actress in America.”

Next to this I will write the following three words

“beautiful-more beautiful-most beautiful”

I will then tell the students that for any “long” adjectives they should add the word “more” to the beginning of the adjective. Then I will write some more examples on the board.

beautiful-most beautiful

intelligent- most intelligent

exciting- most exciting

Next I will go back to the original example sentence

“Russia is the biggest country in the world.” And I will circle the “in the world”. I will tell the students that they can use to indicate which group they are comparing. Then I will write some examples:

“in the world”

“in the class”

“in America”

Last I’m going to show some examples of some questions. Here is a list of different questions I’ll use:

Who do you think is the funniest comedian in (student’s country)?

What is the tallest mountain in the world?

What is the biggest country in the world?

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Simple Practice

Now I’m going to have my students do some simple practice creating sentences and questions using what they just learned. There are many different types of simple practice that you can use with your students but in our example lesson I will handout a question sheet that looks like this:

 

Russia

Mount Everest

The Nile River

Vatican City

The Pacific Ocean

 

1)________________ largest ________________.

2)________________deepest ________________.

3)________________smallest ________________.

4)________________highest ________________.

5)________________ longest ________________.

It’s a good idea to do the first question together with the class so that they understand how to answer the questions. After that, I will give them about five minutes to complete the questions. I will walk around the class helping any students that seem to be stuck. When the students have completed the questions, I will go over the answers by calling on individual students for different questions. Make sure that the students answer using the full sentences.

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Game/Activity #1

Next were going to play a simple game where the students have to use what they just learned. Separate the class into two teams. One team will say four different things. For example, a house, a dog, a library, a cheetah. The other team has to make a superlative sentence for each of the nouns relative to the other three. Again for example:

The house is the biggest.

The dog is the friendliest.

The library is the quietest.

The teacher is the smartest.

If the team is able to say a sentence for each noun then that team will say four more nouns and the other team has to repeat the process. Adjectives cannot be repeated in the same round. This continues until one team cannot make any sentences.

 

Game/Activity #2

Next, we’re going to do another activity. This activity involves using a printout of questions. Separate the class into teams of two. Give each team one printout. Have one student ask the questions on the printout to the other student.  Very simple. Of course all of the questions are using superlative forms. Here are some examples of the questions:

Which animal lives longest? A whale, tortoise, or an elephant

Which one is the tallest? An elephant, giraffe or a camel

Which drink has the most calories? 1 L of wine, 1 L of beer or 1 L of soda

Which is the largest? The United States, Australia Canada

Which is the most popular? Soccer, baseball or basketball

 

Homework Explanation

Next we’re going to assign homework to the class and explain how to do it. The homework has two sections to it. The first one is five simple questions that ask the student to state their opinion. Here are the four questions:

Which area do you think is the nicest?

Who do you think is the most beautiful actress?

That you think is the most popular musician?

Which city do you think is the dirtiest?

Who do you think is the best actor?

For the second section, I will write seven different nouns on the board. Students have to write those nouns in their notebook and create sentences using the superlative form. For example:

a computer

an airplane

a cockroach

a rose

an Apple

a cat

a book

 

The computer is the most useful.

The airplane is the biggest.

Cockroach is the most disgusting.

The Rose is the most beautiful.

The Apple is the most delicious.

The cat is the nicest.

The book is the most boring.

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Conclusion

If you don’t have much experience being a teacher lesson plans can be time-consuming and difficult to create. Once you start to create your own lesson plans the easier it will become. In the beginning you might need 15 to 30 minutes. Once you get a little experience you’ll soon find that you can create a good lesson plan in 10 to 15 minutes. The key is having a plan. Having a lesson plan is absolutely essential to teaching a good class.

 

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Randy League owns an English School in Japan and has been teaching English for 20 years. In his free time he trains MMA , plays video games and studies Japanese.

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