Basics of Teaching

An Introduction to Teaching English to 13-16 Year Olds

The 13 to 16 year-old age range can be difficult for many teachers. These students are not necessarily “kids” and they are not “adults” either. Many games and activities that you have been able to use with younger children will suddenly be considered “childish” by the teenagers in this age group. In order to efficiently teach this age group we need to create a sort of “hybrid” class mixing some aspects of our children classes with some aspects of our adult classes.   What to expect There are many differences with this age group and younger children. This age group will certainly be much shyer and quieter as a whole. You will occasionally see students who have completely different attitudes and emotions from class to class. Some positive ...

Games and Activities for 10-12 Childrens English Class

Teaching children from the ages of 10 to 12 can be very rewarding and tricky at the same time. On one hand, many of these children have started studying English in elementary school and junior high school so they may have a decent foundation of grammar and vocabulary. On the other hand, they are approaching their teenage years, which means that there’s a chance they might be very shy, at times they may have a bad attitude or mood swings. It is at this age group that textbook use will increase compared to younger classes but you can still expect to be using games activities for around half of your class time. This is also an age where children can quickly get bored of doing the same game or activity. All of this presents many challenges for the teacher. The best approach is to experiment wi...

Example Lesson Plan for 10-12 Childrens English Class

In this article you will find an example lesson plan for children’s English classes with students from the ages of 10 to 12.  The idea of this article is not to give you a one off lesson plan that you can only use one time in your classes. The idea is to give you a template that you can use to create other lesson plans. Here, the important thing is the structure of the lesson plan. You may have to change the individual key points or the difficulty of the English that you’re teaching but you certainly can use the same structure regardless of your students’ levels.   Age group 10-12 years old   Preparation 5 minutes   Class time 60-80 minutes   Teaching Key Point Talking about likes and dislikes and favorites “I like/dislike/love/hate ________.” “Do you like ______?” “Do ...

An Introduction to Teaching English to 10-12 year olds

In this article we will take a look at some basic methods you can use to teach your children’s English classes for 10 to 12-year-old students. These classes are very common in English conversation schools as well as many elementary schools. Younger children’s classes mostly involve introducing key points and then practicing those key point using games and activities. Teenager classes also use games and activities but not to the same extant. Teenager classes have more textbook use, example conversations, more reading, more writing and homework. What we need to try to do with the 10 to 12-year-old children classes is create a bridge between the younger children’s classes that mainly revolve around games and the teenager classes that are more similar to adult classes. This is the challenge fo...

Games and Activities for 7-9 Childrens English Class

English students around the ages of 7 to 9 years old are not that different from younger students. They still like to play games and activities but at this age you do start to see certain amount of shyness and timidity from many students. It’s because of this that there are some games and activities that I would not use for this age group that I might with a younger  group. Some of those things would be any kind of songs, dancing or anything that some children might think of as childish. At this age you can start to incorporate more complicated activities but you will have to constantly monitor the students in the class to see if those activities are popular or are effective.   Shootout! This is a basic game that focuses on having the children verbalize the various vocabulary that the...

Example Lesson Plan for 7-9 Childrens English Class

Age group 7-9 years old   Preparation 5 minutes   Class time 60 minutes   Teaching Key Points Various commands (listening practice) Basic question and replies Alphabet writing practice “Where are you going?” “I’m going to _______” “Is he/she going to ________?” “Yes, he/she is.” “No, he/she isn’t.” Vocabulary Words Hospital Supermarket Bus stop Department store Post office Restaurant Library Park Train station   Lesson plan Greetings- Warm-up-Drill Sgt. Question time- Short writing practice- Textbook/vocabulary/sentence introduction Related game-find it Textbook/vocabulary/sentence introduction 2-related to first part Speaking test-yes/no questions Review-English road Goodbyes   Step by Step Greetings I am going to start the class by greeting the students when I wa...

An Introduction to Teaching English to 7-9 year olds

The 7 to 9 year-old children’s class is a very common class that you will see offered at most English conversation schools. Many teachers will find themselves teaching this age group at local elementary schools as well. For the most part, the methods and techniques used when teaching six-year-olds can be applied to the 7 to 9 year-olds as well. However, there are some major exceptions which we will talk about in this article.   What to expect At this age you can expect the children to be sufficiently motivated. The kids will have a lot of energy and in order to channel the energy into learning English you will have to have a large amount of activities and games for them to do. Unlike the 3-6 year old group the 7-9 year olds enjoy doing new games and activities. Because of their ...

Games and Activities for 3-6 Childrens English Class

It is important to remember that each class and each student is different and a good teacher needs to be able to try various activities and find which one is best suited for that class or that student. Do not be afraid to experiment and do not be afraid to try new things. Some of these games might work well for your class and some others might not. Click the game or activity to find out more about it. In English classes where the students are between the ages of 3 to 6 years old, games and activities will make up the vast majority of your lesson plan. At this young age, you should not have students sitting down at a table looking at a textbook for 50 minutes. You have to make the class fun and you also have to consider that these young children have very small attention spans. With that in...

Example Lesson Plan for 3-6 Childrens English Class

Below is a sample lesson plan for children’s English classes with children from the ages of 3 to 6 years old. The main purpose of this article is to show you an example of a lesson plan that we have used with this age group so that you can get a better idea of how to create your own lesson plans in the future. By all means,  experiment with your lesson plans to see what activities and what structure is best for your students and classes.   Age group 3 to 6 years old It is important to remember that a three-year-old’s ability to concentrate and a six-year-old’s is going to be very different. With the older students you can add more complexity to the games and activities. With the younger students you can simplify the games and activities to better suit their level. Try not to use too m...

An Introduction to Teaching English to 3-6 Year Olds

What to expect The defining feature of teaching children this young is their inability to concentrate for long periods of time. Because of this we have to develop lesson plans that are short, fast and fun. We introduce a concept to the children, we play a game and then we move on to another activity. This can be very tiring for many teachers. But it is this “energy” that is so important to creating fun classes where your students are highly motivated and want to continue to study. Children at this age can often quickly improve their listening skills and they can quickly learn various vocabulary words. They have more difficulty with speaking in general and especially with any longer sentences.   Objectives (What you will teach) The basic objective for this class is to creat...

Games and Activities for 0-2 Childrens English Class

In this article were going to go over some different games and activities that you can use for your classes with children aged 0 to 2. The students in these classes are so young and have so little concentration that the games and activities that you can use are limited. First and foremost they have to be short and fast. You need to be moving on to something within 5 to 7 minutes. Anything longer than that and the child will lose interest. Different children will respond to different games and activities so what might work for one child might not work for another. You need to try to use different games and activities and see which one works best with those children or that class. Let’s take a look at some commonly used games and activities.   Picture books Picture books are a ver...

Example Lesson Plan for 0-2 Childrens English Class

Age group 0-2 years old   Preparation 5 minutes   Class time 20 to 30 minutes Teaching children of this age can be very tiring for the teachers. Also the children themselves have an extremely small attention span. Because of this is best to keep these lessons generally short.   Teaching Key Point Basic commands – listening practice Colors Animals   Lesson plan Greeting Warm-up-drill Sgt. with moms Vocabulary cards-colors Children’s book-colors Quick game-find the color Vocabulary card review-animals Children’s book-animals Goodbyes   Step by Step Greeting When I walk in and I’m going to smile big for the babies and sit down cross legged in front of them. The whole time I’m going to be saying “hello”, “hello”. Once the students start to say “hello” on their own then...

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